Top 13 Best Programming Languages
It’s hard to choose the best programming language for every project. Certain languages are more appropriate for certain projects than others. Different programming languages are often more fitting for different stages of your software development process: from inception and brainstorming to coding, debugging, and beyond.
With so much variety in programming languages out there, we believe the secret to choosing a powerful one isn’t in the syntax or getting hung up on the buzzwords, it’s about the relationship that you have with the language and if you can effectively communicate with it.
I’ve compiled a list of top languages to help you decide which one is right for you.
Here are the top 14 best programming languages;
The C programming language is the most widely used in the world. It’s a general-purpose, procedural, imperative, and object-oriented programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1972. The language was designed to be compiled, mainly for systems programming and embedded applications. It was originally called “C with Classes” because it allowed classes to be added to the language. Learn more
C# is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative and later approved as a standard by Ecma (ECMA-334) and ISO (ISO/IEC 23270:2006). C# is one of the programming languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure. Learn more
The C++ programming language is a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented, and generic programming features. C++ is considered to be a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1985 at Bell Laboratories, C++ was originally named “C with Classes.”. Learn more
Go was designed by Google to be a general-purpose language for any programming task that a developer could want to use it for: from writing simple scripts to building large-scale applications. Learn more
Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that’s concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (which has since merged into Oracle) in 1995 as an all-purpose platform that could run on many hardware platforms without being rewritten for each architecture’s idiosyncrasies.
Kotlin is a statically typed programming language with an emphasis on developer efficiency. In general, Kotlin code is less verbose compared to Java code, making it easier to read and write. It also has many features which are now available in most modern programming languages such as type inference, lambdas and function literals, null safety, data classes, and extension functions. Learn more
The name “Lisp” derives from “list processing.” The language was created as an artificial intelligence research project in the 1950s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) by computer scientist John McCarthy to facilitate the development of artificial intelligence (AI).
It was created to make it easier for researchers to write programs for computers using symbolic expressions rather than numeric codes or text. As it evolved into what is now known as Lisp, the language’s design became more focused on enabling programmers to write code rather than just understand it. Learn more
Perl programming language is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. It was originally developed by Larry Wall in 1987 as a general-purpose Unix scripting language to make report processing easier.
In the beginning, Perl has mostly used for system administration utilities and software tools. But after the release of Perl 5 in 1994 (which added support for object-oriented programming), it soon became popular with web developers because of its ability to parse HTML. Since then, Perl has evolved into a powerful toolkit that provides solutions to many complex problems. Learn more
Python is a high-level general-purpose programming language that was created by Guido van Rossum in 1991 and first released in 1994. It’s very popular among beginners but also has a large following among professional programmers due to its readability and ease of use. Many companies use Python because it’s easy to learn and fast to write code in (compared with other languages), which means less time. Learn more
Ruby is a dynamic, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It was designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. Ruby is a very simple language to learn and use. Ruby is an interpreted language, which means a program written in Ruby can be executed by a special program called an interpreter.
Ruby has been designed with many useful features:
* Functional programming support
* Dynamic typing
* Garbage collection
* Class inheritance
* Module inclusion
Scala is a programming language that supports both functional and object-oriented programming. It comes with a very powerful type of system that allows you to work on problems of all sizes. Scala is a programming language created by Martin Odersky, he tried to combine the best features of object-oriented languages like Java or C++ with functional languages like Haskell or ML.
Scala also has a very simple syntax that makes it easy for programmers who are familiar with other languages like Java or C# to understand it easily. Learn more
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. It is built with the open-source LLVM compiler framework. Learn more
Different people will have different opinions on the most popular languages. Indeed, the landscape of programming languages is constantly changing, and this ranking may be out of date a week later. If you care about what languages are popular at the time you are reading this article, these rankings should be able to give you a good idea.
You can also read; 12 Benefits Of Learning Programming Languages