Machine Learning: Advantages and Disadvantages
Machine learning is a hot topic. It is everywhere. It is the future of everything. Everyone wants to use machine learning to solve their problems and improve their lives. But, what is machine learning?
Machine learning is the field of study that is concerned with creating computer systems capable of learning without being explicitly programmed. The field has seen a rapid increase in interest over the past few years, due to its potential for applications in a wide range of areas, including language translation and autonomous vehicles.
Machine learning is a general class of techniques that are used in all areas of data analysis to discover useful information from large amounts of raw data. It is an umbrella term for a variety of techniques and tools that can be used to develop computer systems that learn from experience to improve performance.
Today’s machine learning applications range from customer relationship management (CRM) for customer support systems and credit risk assessment, to smart cars that drive themselves.
Advantages Of Machine Learning
Machine learning has many advantages including:
1. It learns from data
Machine learning learns from data, rather than being programmed with rules and logic. Machine learning can be used to predict the likelihood of certain outcomes, such as weather, etc.
2. Support huge applications
Machine learning has many practical applications in information technology (IT). It can be used in medical diagnosis, fraud detection, credit scoring, and forecasting oil prices across global markets among other tasks.
3. It is not limited by human knowledge or experience
Machine learning is also useful in situations where humans may not be the best choice for making decisions.
For instance, there is no single human expert who understands all aspects of a problem domain, machine learning can help you find useful patterns in your data that humans might overlook.
4. Good for future decisions
The algorithm learns from experience and makes predictions based on this information, which helps in making better decisions in future situations where the same data is used again for comparison between two variables or situations.
A well-designed machine learning algorithm can be easily scaled up to handle large amounts of data without becoming too complicated or slowing down too much due to the computational resources needed.
An example would be Facebook’s “DeepFace,” which was able to identify people’s faces in photos with an accuracy rate of 99%. This means Facebook was able to identify every single person it had uploaded over 2 billion images.
Machine-learning algorithms are becoming more sophisticated so that it is easier for computers to identify patterns in large amounts of data sets. That makes it possible for machines to automate tasks like detecting fraudulent transactions or automatically generating customer offers.
7. Easier to predict customer behavior
Machine-learning can help organizations predict customer behavior and respond accordingly. For example, an online retailer might use machine learning techniques to determine whether customers who have recently purchased household goods are likely to buy other products such as furniture or electronics.
The retailer can then send promotional offers related to those items directly to those customers’ e-mail addresses when they login to purchase other items through the website. This strategy not only saves money on marketing costs; it also reduces delivery time and increases overall customer satisfaction by providing relevant information at the right time.”
Disadvantages Of Machine Learning
i. Machine learning is a black art
Its success depends on the quality of the data you feed it and how you train it. If your data is bad or your training algorithm is not well designed, your model will fail in production.
ii. Difficult to interpret and debug
You need to understand how your model works at a fundamental level before you can make any improvements. This requires expertise in both statistics and machine learning algorithms; something many people don’t have.
iii. It takes time to develop a model
One of the biggest challenges with machine learning is that it can take a long time to build up models that work well. The reason for this is that ML uses statistical techniques that require large amounts of data and run through multiple iterations as they learn from experience.
iv. It is expensive
One of the biggest barriers to using machine learning is cost. This is because you need specialized hardware or software licenses. There is also a possibility that you might not be able to afford those things at all if you want your project done quickly and efficiently.
v. Machine learning is not easy
It requires significant amounts of training data or at least some kind of “ground truth” for algorithms to learn from their mistakes and improve over time. While it may seem like an easy task at first glance, creating enough training data is no simple feat. You need lots of instances with each possible outcome e.g., a prediction so that an algorithm can learn how to go about it.
Its algorithms are still in their infancy and there is no guarantee that they will work in the future as well as they do today. This means that even if your algorithm works perfectly now, it may not work tomorrow or the next day. This can be frustrating if you spend a lot of time developing your algorithm only to find out that it does not work anymore.
vii. Lack of control
Its algorithms often make decisions based on past data, so if you want to change something about your data set, you will have to change every single decision made by your algorithm before it starts working again.
This makes machine learning difficult to use for tasks where precise control over individual parameters is required. For example, when building an automatic translator, you cannot just tell it to translate from English into French or Spanish; you have to tell it what words in each language are similar and which words are different so it can pick up those variations easily.
viii. Not perfect
There is not always a clear answer when it comes to predicting the future. Machine learning algorithms will often predict what is most likely and not necessarily, what is best for your business.
ix. Difficulty in choosing the suitable model
There are so many different types of models available today, that it can be difficult for businesses to choose which one will work best for their particular needs.
The machine learning field is currently experiencing a boom.
It is not surprising that many people are excited about the potential of machine learning since this technology has been around for decades. However, there is no doubt that it is still in its infancy.
With so many companies and individuals now investing in machine learning, it is important to understand the advantages and disadvantages of using this technology.