16 Types of Programming Jobs: Beginners Guide

Programmers are in high demand, but you might be surprised to learn that not all programmers are created equal. There are many different types of programming jobs, and it can take a lot of time and effort to learn the skills required for each one.

Here are sixteen different types of programming jobs and how they are different from one another;

1. Front-end developer

A front-end developer creates the user interface (UI) for websites and apps. The UI is what users interact with directly, so it needs to be attractive, intuitive, and easy to use.

2. Back-end developer

A back-end developer builds the computer code that powers applications. They’re responsible for setting up databases and servers, managing storage space, and ensuring that everything works together smoothly when it comes time for launch day.

3. Web developer

Web developers build the front-end of websites and web applications, such as writing HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They can also build the back-end of a site, which usually involves using languages like Python or Ruby on Rails to write server-side code.

4. Mobile developer

Mobile developers build apps for smartphones and tablets using software development kits (SDKs) from Apple or Google. Apps may include games or productivity tools; they often involve graphics or video elements as well as text-based content. Mobile development varies depending on which platform you’re developing for — iOS or Android — but if you’re skilled at both platforms then you can get your foot in both doors at once.

5. Systems Analyst

System analysts create business solutions by analyzing business processes and designing systems to meet business requirements. They may also design network topologies, perform capacity planning and testing, and monitor system performance.

6. Application Developer

 Application developers build software applications from the ground up. They design and develop new software systems and applications for companies in every industry sector around the world, from customer relationship management (CRM) to supply chain management (SCM).

7. Software Developer

Software developers create all types of programs, from websites and apps to desktop applications and embedded systems. They may work on an individual project or be part of a larger team. Some specialize in one area (like mobile development or web design) while others are generalists who can work on many different types of projects.

8. Software engineering

Software engineers work on big projects that require complex code systems to run properly — things like operating systems (Windows) or web browsers (Firefox). They’re often tasked with designing software solutions that scale well as more people start using them over time. Many software engineers are also responsible for writing documentation about how their products work.

9. Systems administrator

Systems administrators manage computer networks at companies or organizations, including hardware and software maintenance, security updates, storage, and performance optimization. This can include managing databases, network infrastructures such as routers and switches, and monitoring systems for any problems such as crashes or malware infections.

10. Software tester

Software testers test applications to ensure they work correctly, finding any bugs and reporting them to developers so they can be fixed before release.

11. Game developer

Game developers create games for personal computers, video game consoles, and mobile devices using programming languages like C++ or Java. Some specialize in certain aspects of game development, such as art or music composition.

12. Embedded Systems Developer

Embedded systems developers program microprocessors — which perform specific tasks inside products like television sets, automobiles, or medical devices — so they can communicate with other machines wirelessly.

13. Network engineer

Network engineers design network infrastructures such as routers and switches that allow computers to communicate with each other over a computer network (such as the internet). Network engineers also keep their company’s networks running smoothly by monitoring them for problems.

14. Database administrator (DBA)

Database administrators manage large databases used by companies to track sales records or customer information. They also maintain these databases’ integrity by monitoring their performance and fixing problems due to data corruption or system failures.

15. Freelance Programmer

You can find freelance programmers on platforms like Upwork and Fiverr, but keep in mind that freelancing requires a lot of hustle and self-motivation. In other words, if you’re looking for an easy ride, this may not be the best option for you.

Freelancers have to market themselves, find clients, and set their rates and deadlines. Freelancing is ideal for those who want to work remotely and set their hours.

16. Information systems architect

The information systems architect is the person in charge of designing, developing and maintaining an enterprise’s information technology architecture. This includes planning how the company’s hardware, software and networks should be structured to support business operations, as well as ensuring that they can meet future needs.

The information systems architect is responsible for developing a comprehensive plan for all aspects of the organization’s IT infrastructure, including security and compliance with industry standards.


Keep in mind that this list is by no means exhaustive, as there are thousands of types of programming jobs available. However, if you understood this article it should be enough to get you going in the right direction.

You can also read; 12 Benefits Of Learning Programming Languages

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