15 Advantages And Disadvantages Of MySQL
MySQL is a popular database management system (DBMS) used to store, retrieve and manage data records. It is a relational database management system (RDBMS), which means that it uses the concept of tables, rows, and columns to define data.
MySQL also provides users with many advantages over other databases.
Advantages Of MySQL
1. It’s free
There are no licensing fees for any version of MySQL. You can download it free from Oracle’s website, and you don’t need to pay anything to use it.
It is fast with both read and write operations, especially when compared to other open-source databases such as PostgreSQL, which uses locks for writing.
Users around the world have tested MySQL extensively on many platforms. As a result, it has been proven to be very stable and reliable in production environments.
The SQL syntax used by the language is easy to learn and understand, even if you are new to databases or have no prior experience with SQL whatsoever. This makes learning how to use MySQL much easier than other databases such as Oracle or SQL Server where you need to know C or C++ before you can use the database at all.
The source code for the language is freely available under an open-source license so that anyone can download it and modify it if they wish, even without paying any royalties or fees whatsoever.
You can use this freely available source code to build your custom modifications on top of MySQL.
6. It runs on many platforms
It runs on most UNIX-like operating systems (including Linux), Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, and HP-UX as well as several non-UNIX platforms such as Android and PlayStation 3 (PS3).
It also supports an increasing number of storage engines with different features that can be plugged into the server at runtime without restarting it.
7. It is easy to install and administer
It is lightweight compared with other database servers; it does not require a lot of memory or disk space to run efficiently, which makes it easy to set up on your machine or on a shared hosting plan where resources are limited. You can also take advantage of web-based administration tools like phpMyAdmin if you don’t want to set up your server.
It has very good security features that can be customized to meet your needs: You can control access to data by using users and passwords; create user accounts with different levels of access (for example, an administrator account); and restrict access by IP address or hostname.
It has great support for multi-threaded applications, which makes it ideal for web applications, with its support for concurrent connections from multiple clients (e.g., web browsers).
It’s open-source, so it has a large community of developers working on it. This means that if you have problems with MySQL, there are lots of people out there who can help you fix them or at least point you in the right direction.
Disadvantages Of MySQL
1. Security risks
In the past, security issues have plagued MySQL databases. One example was the SQL injection flaw that affected all versions before 5.0.
This allowed an attacker to gain access to a user’s account by submitting malicious SQL queries to extract information from the database or modify the data stored in it.
2. MySQL is not a good choice for high volume data
MySQL was designed for smaller databases and does not perform well when managing large amounts of data. Depending on how much data you want to store, you may want to use another RDBMS instead.
3. No ACID compliance
ACID compliance means that transactions are processed reliably every time they are performed without any transaction failures such as rollbacks or data loss.
However, this is not possible with MySQL because it does not support “all” four properties of ACID transactions: atomicity (all-or-nothing), consistency (no partial effects), isolation (transactions are isolated from each other), and durability (commits are permanent).
4. It is not always easy to scale
MySQL can only scale horizontally, which means that you must add more servers to increase performance or handle more users. This is not always an easy task since each server needs its configuration and maintenance overhead. In addition, it is not trivial to keep all of your servers synchronized with each other as changes are made across the board.
5. It does not provide high availability
The fact that MySQL does not support clustering can be problematic if you want high availability from your database solution. While there are ways around this issue by using the replication method that requires additional configuration and maintenance, which adds complexity and cost over time.
MySQL is a notable open-source database management solution. It is simple and effective, and developers appreciate it for its flexibility.
Its reliability and ease of use have made MySQL the database of choice for thousands of web developers (and even businesses).
Though some may prefer to use an alternative solution, MySQL continues to be a mainstay among web developers.